Once , the daughter of Drupad Draupadidevi , having completed her daily chores , seated in a relaxed mood ..asked All knowing SUTA puranik [ after bowing to him religiously ] , ” Oh holy one , I have known many vratas and niyamas and poojas fom you previously …. Now I wish to know the most auspicious among vratas namely MANGALGAURI vrata .. kindly enlighten me about the same !
Suta puranik explains Draupadi ,” Oh daughter of Drupada listen ! The vrata which you intend to know is the one which delivers highest merits in this world ….This vrata increases the longevity of the husband ,gives enormous fame ! I shall narrate it specially for you !
Once upon a time , in the beautiful famous city of KUNDANIPUR , there lived a very rich ,extremely devoted to Bramhins and very pious and famous trader by name DHARMADUTTA . He was living very happily with his equally pious wife . One day a Bhikshu Sanyasi wearing orange robes rudraksha and vibhuti and holding kamandalu and kundala passed by his house . His wife rushed to give him bhiksha , but he went away without noticing her . Second day again he went past deliberately avoiding her bhiksha ….. This happened everyday , the sanyasi just refused to accept bhiksha from her … Sad at these events , She complained to her husband …. Her husband said ” not to worry about it so much … just see to it tommorrow , you carry a bowlfull of gems and gold coins , and put it in his bag ….
Next day waiting for sanyasi with a bowl full of gold coins .. as soon as sanyasi came she just turned the bowl into his bag even before he could take notice of it ….. Angry at her conduct .. sanyasi cursed her to be without children …then pained at curse , crying profusely she ran after sanyasi and fell at his feet to redeem her from curse , or give some remedies to absolve her off her misconduct …. so that she could beget a child ”
Sanyasi took pity on her and advised , ” oh best among the women , repeat before your husband what I say to thee now , Ask you husband to wear black dress and ride a black horse towards the forest … wherever the horse stops , get down and dig the soil there . He will find a temple full of nine types of jewels .. the deity there is MANGALGAURI .. If your husband worships her with devotion and faith , both of you would get relieved from the curse ..and saying thus SANYASI disappeared …
She narrated the same to her husband , pained at the event ,,. next day wearing a black dress and riding black horse , Dharmadutta proceeded towards the forest , the horse took him deep into forest …. Dharmadutta did not partake food or water riding on the horse …. deeply devoted to DEVI … for next 21 days horse went on deeper into the forest …..after 21 days it stopped .. Dharmadutta dug the soil around carefully and as he dug a temple came out of excavation fully decorated with all types of jewels …. MANGALGAURI devi was the deity in the temple…. other deities were in the periphery …. the temple was fully laden with trees and sculptures ….
Dharmadutta thanking sanyasi in the mind ,went further into forest looking for many flowers , barks and leaves to perform pooja of devi in the temple …. BHAVANI impressed and pleased with his devotion ….appeared before him … and asked him ‘Oh trader let me know what type of wealth you wish I shall grant you ”
Dharmadutta said ” Oh devi , By your grace I have all the wealth required to live my life ….. I yearn for a child .. please grant me …. ” DEVI said ” Oh arya ! you do not have yoga for child …. But still I give you one boon , so choose what you want among the options I Give ……
- a beautiful daughter who would become widow soon after marriage or
- short lived handsome boy
- longlived blind son
Dharmadutta said Oh devi give me a short lived handsome son …. so that I can be relieved of my pitru runa ….
PARVATI devi granted and said “behold the tree above the ganpaty temple , the tree has a fruit … take it and give it to your wife she will bear a child ”
Happy the devi’s words , trader climbed the temple of GANAPATY and plucked many fruits from the tree , as he got down to his utter surprise , he would have only one fruit in his hand … so he again climbed and collected many fruits , but again as he descended , only one fruit would remain in his hand … this way he climbed 16 times , but failed to carry many fruits except one …. Ganapaty angry at his conduct . cursed him , since you have climbed on me 16 times …. your son will die at the age of 16 by a snake bite ….
Heavily pained by the curse accepting it as fate … dharmadutta went back to his house …. He gave the fruit to his wife … who after eating it conceived the following night through her husband …..After nine months on a good muhurta , a very beautiful male child was born …The couple were overjoyed and named the child as “SHIVA” . SHIVA born as he was with the grace of DEVI was growing like a moon in the bright half ….About eight years of age , HE was given UPANAYANA …and his schooling began ,… he was bright and picked up the vidya in two years … at ten His mother insisted that He be married .. Dharmadutta said let him go to KASHI and finish kashiyatra and then we shall get him married … So brotherin law of DHARMADUTTA was designated to take SHIVA along with him to KAshi …
So shiva set out on pilgrimage to KASHI along with his mama …on the way they visited many places of PILGRIMAGE ….and along the way came to a very large famous city of ‘PRATHISHTHA NAGAR ” THe city had a very large garden , so SHIVA and his uncle took rest in the beautiful garden … there were some beautiful damsels playing in the garden …. the most beautiful among them was ‘ SUSHEELA ” and all the girls were unmarried …. as they were playing , owing to some misunderstanding a verbal fight broke out between the girls … the other girls started abusing each other with dirty inauspicious words like ‘ vidhwa [ widowed ] , veshyaa ,ganika etc …. SUSHEELA said ” freinds . you are mistakenly , abusing me without reason . i dont understand why ? But these will not affect me because my mother is always engaged in MANGALAGAURI VRATA , By the grace of goddess [due to vrata ] I shall always be sumangali till death ….. You know wherever the lamps are lit [ diya ] for mangalgauri vrata , the people dwelling there will never face inauspiciousness ….
As SHE WAS saying these words …. Uncle of SHIva observed this and determined , this girl will be befitting bride for SHIVA ….. so he followed her to find her whereabouts and talk to her parents …. So he took shiva and stayed in the temple just near the SUSHEELAs house .. here Susheela ‘s father named Hari was also worried about her marraige and so also his wife ,and wife incindentally spotted a very handsome boy in the temple and urged her husband to talk about their daughter … so HAri went to Shiva’s uncle and proposed the marraige of Shiva and SUsheela ..,Uncle agreed and both were married ….religiously on a fixed date and hari chose to keep the son in law in his house for some days … and did not permit him to go for several years .. Susheela was worshipping MANGALGAURI vrata piously , one day when Shiva and Susheela were sleeping ,,,, Susheela dreamt of GAURI in her dreams instructing her ,,” Oh SUSHEELA get up , behold a snake is coming to bite your husband .. place a milk bowl before it and an earthen pot … snake will drink milk and get into the earthen pot , then you remove your blouse and tie over the pot to seal it …..
Susheela was terrified as her dream broke … she got up and was surprised as a snake crawled towards SHIVA , she immediately put a bowl of milk before it and with courage moved an earthern pot before it … snake drank the milk and went into the pot … , she immediately removed her blouse and tied the pot and sealed it …. and slept peacefully … after some time . SHiva woke her up and said he was feeling hungry …. so she gave him laddos kept as prasaad for the MAA gauri …and he ate them and drank water … just as Susheela was asleep . Shiva and his uncle [ by the inspiration MAA Gauri ] decided to continue their yatra to KASHi as instructed by his Father … and decided to leave without informing them ,…so SHIVA kept the wedding ring in a secret place …. and went away ..
Hari the father in law was highly devoted to his family deity Kuldevata EESHWARA .. so RUDRA took the form of SHIVA and stayed in his house to avoid embarrassment to the family as son in law disappeared ,,..Susheela wanted to complete the vrata next day and gave vayandana to her mother … Mother found a very precious necklace in the dana box … Mother was extremely happy nd thought her daughter was very happy with her husband .. but she gave the necklace back to the daughter and enquired about such a precious gift , how did son in law accept to donate it to in laws …..
Looking at the gift , Susheela immediately sensed , that Shiva in her house was not her husband ….. She told everything that happened previous night to her parents … here the LORD ISHWARA as SHIVA disappeared … he had come only to complete the vrata for SUSHEELA …
Hari then pained at sudden disappearance of the Son in law … started giving annadana to every new visitor of the city [from the hands of SUSHEELA ]… this was going on and on ,, thinking with this he would get his son in law back … [ there is no punya equivalent to annadana , it is perfect remedy for all miseries ]
Here SHIVA along with his uncle visited KASHI and after the darshan of VISHWESWARA , they went to HARIDWAR and took the holy dip in holy ganges .. In Haridwar Shiva gave many dana to able brahmins ,,.and all the meritorious bramhins [ by the inspiration of MANGALGAURI devi ] gave him aasheervada of deerghayush ….
On the way back … suddenly SHIVA collapsed with a loud cry as ‘HA’ ,.. Immediately Uncle tried to revive him after repeated sprinkling of Ganaga water … Shiva regained consciousness …. SHiva said .. ” UNCLE , actually some terrific looking yamadootas had dragged me out …. they were carrying me away , just when MANGALGAURI DEVI came and shooed them away with her sword … all of them went away , obeying MAA … and I regained my life .. MANGALAGAURI saved my life ” uncle said do not tell this to anyone … let us go back to our home KUNDANI
While on the way they came to PRATISHTHA nagar .. there they saw people preparing food for the great annadana which was going on for all the new visitors of the city … They asked for some place in the grand kitchen so that they could cook themselves …. The chefs said they are preparing food for the visitors why dont they take food , why they had to cook …. SHIVA said they are back from vrata niyama and teerthayatra , they will not accept paranna bhojana …
The chefs ran to the master Hari and said someone is insisting on cooking themselves … Hari said kindly bring them to our house with sound of bells and music with utmost respect in a procession like grandeur ….The attendants brought the uncle and SHIVA to their house …. Hari asked Susheela to welcome the atithi … just as susheela bent down to wash the feet .. looking at the marks and beauty of the feet she recognised her husband … She told her father , that the guest was indeed her husband ….
FAther happy but failed to see the wedding ring and to confirm .. asked the guest whether he indeed was SHIVA his son in law and can he prove it …. SHIVA went inside the house and brought the wedding ring from the secret place …. Father in law was extremely happy.. asked susheela to cook food and give to her husband and thanked his kuldevatas to grant him his wish at succesfful completion of remedy [ annadana ] …….
Hari allowed Shiva to take his wife to his house in KUNDANIPUR … On the way they found a temple fo MANGALGAURI and it was tuesday of shravana masa …. so SUSHEELA worshipped at the temple and others accepted prasaad stayed in the temple and proceeded further to their house in KUNDANI … just they entered the city , the citizens were overwhelemed at pious couples and ran towards them in groups to welcome them …..
Just a sthey recahed the house .. all the three made sashtanga namaskara to DHARMADUTTA and mother in law of SUSHEELA asked … oh blesssed one .pativrata .. how did you save my son from impending death … what is the vrata you undertook which gave my son deerghaayush ,[longevity ] kindly enlighten that vrata to us all too .. SUSHEELA said oh mother . I do not know of any vrata other than just that , YOU are the Mangalgauri [ maa as present in you ] , Your HUSBAND ,my father in law is indeed PARMESHWARA [ as present in him ] , this son you have borne is only My husband , my deity [ Lord as present in him ] , Serving you three is in itself a vrata for me which brings all the auspiciousness , i know only of this vrata …Thus she served them for many many years ….
SUTA concluded thus to DRAUPADi , ” hey DRUPADNANDINI , those who do this vrata gain all the wealth fame an longevity ….to the husband and themselves and live happily with sons and grandsons with all auspiciousness …..”
Thus ends the Extract of BHAVISHYOTTARA purana of discourse of SUTA and DRAUPADI ABOUT MANGALAGAURI VRATA ..
Get up early morning take mangalsnana . this vrata is done for five years …. one year in mothers house and rest in in laws house ,,, presence of Husband is must ….
mangalsnana is taken with tulasi powder , haldi , mango leaves flowers petals …immersed in water …
smear the place where pooja is to be performed with cowdung and gomutra and decrate with rangavalli colourful
decorate house with mango leaves … flowers..
prepare a kalash … keep a gauri made out of haldi [ haridra gauri ] … keep two blouse pieces by the side .. and mirror … keep a tambula behind the gauri …. and spread all the auspicious mangaldravyas before her … like bangles mirror , kukum etc ….
sprinkle water from kalash on all the materials to be used for the devi …
Install mangalgauri antargat Bharatiraman mukhyapranantargata LAXMINARAYANA [ saligrama or laxminarayana vigraha ]
MAHAGANAPATy antragata Vishwambhar moorty pooja …. [ nirvighna prarthana ]
DHYANA of MANGALGAURI
Neelalohita tatanka haridra kumkumaadishu | taamboola pushpagandheshu darpaneka ch shodhake ||
sindhoore kajjalevastre kankaNAdau phlaadeeshu | jwalaaya putradeepasya mangaLadravya bhaajane ||
Shubhakaaryeshu santoshe nityaleela vilaasineem | sampoorNa chandravadanaam sarvagnyaam shivasundareem ||
varaabhaya karaambhojaam pashaankush karojjwalaam | saavitreem sadayaam deveem sarvamangal devataam ||
balaanapoDhaam sampoojyaam mangaldravya vaasineem | sarvaalankaar sampoorNam bhaayet sarvamangaLAam ||
Om Aim hreem Shreem namassarvmangaLAayai MangaLgauriye namaha || dhyanam
with above mantra give panchamruta shodoshopachara …
in shodoshopachaara … include kukum haridrasamrpayami
take a iron spoon .. pour paste of beetel leaves and burn it … that will give kajal … apply this kajal … kajjalaadikam samrpayaami .. give blouse piece …two … and swarNottiriya … gold laced shawl ….
if you dont get above then
- aparnaye namaha — jaji pushpa
- parashaktaye namaha —- sevantika
- mahadeviye namaha —-mallika
- bhaktidaye namaha —- kamal
- veershaktaye namaha —parijaat
worship with dhoop deep naivedya ..
namaskaar pradakshina aarti
give vayan daan to 16 suvasini
give vayan daan to mother …
lit 16 diyas ,… and listen to the story … and distribute kajal devi prasad , sindoor , kumkum haldi and other mangal dravyas …
eat along with mother reltives and 16 suvasinis …
on the last shravan tuesday f fifth year .. one must do udyaapna ..
one must get up early and complete mangalagauri pooja …and invite acharya to the house …
Acharya should install all the kalasha onto a decoration namely LINGATOBHADRA ..mandala
kalasha should be for Uma maheshwara , ananta ,. bramha . ganapaty kumaar .shachi puranadar .
separately one each for LAXMINARAYANA savitri and navagraha .. And One for inviting all the devatas .. [ if so many kalasha are not possible then atleast five shoudl be installed ]
fasting completely and worshipping all through day and night …reciting the mantras fit for you shakha … one must perform homa with arali , ajya ,doorva ,payasa , jeera and guda ..ahutis
with mantra given earlier … give poornahuti ….
invite 16 suvasini … perform sumangali POOJA
then with ” Uddeepasya ..” mantra give dana …to bramhin couple ….ad then invite as many people to give feast and satisfy all the guests ,and complete the vrata … this brings enormous enjoyments , auspiciousness , fortune and wealth and psossesions and thus saying this MANGALAGAURI udyapana ends ..