Surya | Chiraan
Hariprasad AMIt Nilambar
Chiraan invites Surya to a debate on
Whether is Karna is Superior to Arjun ?
Was Karna Evil ?
Chiraan starts the debate with invitation to decide which is authentic translation of MAHABHARATA ! Surya refuses to be drawn into debate on what is authentic and what is unauthentic ? He also refuses to be drawn into deciding what is evil?
Chiraan concludes that authentic translations should not contain anomalies and should remain faithful to the original Sanskrit Mahabharat by Vyasa and translation should conform to traditions of India .
Chiraan offers Surya to raise questions !
Surya opens debate with the birth of Karna
1. Had Kunti not abandoned Karna at birth , Karna would have been taught by Drona .Would not have attracted curses.
2. He would have occupied the throne
3. He would not have been abused racially
4. He would have married Draupadi
5. Duryodhan would not have waged war
So Kunti is irresponsible mother and the main reason for the debacle of Karna.
Chiraan argues :
1. Kunti is solely responsible for betterment of Karna .She is one woman who never had sex in her Life . Karna was not born out of premarital sex but as a boon from Durvasa through SUN ,who himself incarnated through her womb .Both Karna and Sun were uninvited guests to her house , she was all but six years of age ; When she was not in a position f raising the child ,she ensured him better upbringing
a. by giving him KAvach kundal [ physical protection]
b. Protection of Father [ Sun always spoke to Karna in distress]
c. Enough money /diamonds to ensure RADHA raises him
Surya argues : Had she confessed to Pandu about her son , he would have agreed to make him King
Chiraan : Even if she had agreed Karna would not become King as he is not son of Pandu
Kunti having given him up saved him from being called KANIN .and people of Hastinapur would not accept a KANIN to be a King as was evident when Duryodhan raised doubts over Yudhisthir none objected until Vedavyasa came and told that they were born in presence of PANDU ..
Since he was not suspected as KANIN , he ,karma got best education from Parshuram [GOD] himself better than Arjun .
He got best astras and weapons than ARJUN .
He got better education is known from the fact that He exhibited all that Arjun exhibited during tournament.
KArna could not have become KING .
Duryodhan made him a king against the rule of land .
Surya : when his archery was exhibited why was he not eligible to become a king.Why did Bheema abuse him
Chiraan: A suta is not kshatriya , he is charioteer but a higher caste. A suta cannot become King . only kshatriyas become King , A caste is determined not by birth but by sanskar[rites] that are performed. Karna had rites of SUta so he remained a suta. A suta cannot challenge a Prince , so unequal warfare was stopped between KArna and Arjun.
Surya Drona rejected Karna on grounds of caste ? injustice
Chiraan: Drona did not reject Karna on basis of Caste, but he rejected him because the He was teaching only princes of HAstinapur.
Surya : Parshuram would have rejected KArna had he told he was Kshatriya or suta , so he lied to him as bramhin and got education ! He was smarter
Chiraan: God is all knowing , he Knew Karna was Kshatriya and hence he taught him , but since he lied ,he was cursed. Had he told he was suta he would have got education as suta is higher caste and given education in gurukul .
But Karna wanted to excel in astra vidya more than other kshatriyas hence he lied as bramhins had more astra vidya than kshatriya . Proof Ashwaththama showed more proficiency in tournament than KArna and Arjun.
Surya : what’s wrong in zeal ?
Chiraan Teacher never teaches looking at zeal of the student but at the capacity of the student, zeal is not virtue !
So it was good fortune of Karna he had better education than Arjun and God gave him so , and not Karna tricked him , else that would raise doubts over all knowing quality of GOD ,which is clearly unacceptable.
Surya : Karna would have married Draupadi , as he would not have been rejected by Draupadi as suta and he would have hit the fish in swayamvar.
Chiraan: Karna failed in Swayamvar , He could not string the bow leave aside hitting the mark.
Surya has been all along debating upon relying on Kisari Mohan Ganguly Translation of Mahabharata.
But the same translation shows in one passage Karna as being rejected by Draupadi , just as he strung the bow and was ready to hit the mark .In the very next passage Ganguly writes Karna along with Shalya failed in stringing the bow.
This constitutes anomaly and renders the translation as unauthentic .
Surya : the verse where People failed to string the bow are : Radha’s son , vakra and shalya , here Radha’s son is another son of RADHA [Karna’s brother and not Karna]
Chiraan: was this Radha’s son not suta , then how Draupadi did not object to this one participating .
Surya says Draupadi had a double standard.
Chiraan : If Ganguly’s version is translation then in original Sanskrit it is written as “KARNA’ and “SHALYA” as failed to string and not Radha’s son ; Ganguly has tampered the text by translating KARNA as radha’s son .
Surya acuses Chiraan of being like mullahs and evangelist who resort to Arabic or Hebrew when cornered.
Chiraan : whether Hebrew or Arabic or Sanskrit , A word KArna would mean Karna only Chiraan gives alternate translation from Russian library and ISCKON writings. This version of ADI parva Mahabharata says Karna did not string the bow and failed in Swayamvar and there was no abuse from Draupadi.
C.Rajgopalachary renowned Sanskrit scholar says Karna did not string the bow but failed by hairs breadth.
Swaminathan in his book also says KArna failed. This book is read in universities.
Swamy Vivekananda expresses Karna was not rejected by Draupadi.
Surya says , these are all abridged versions amd drawn from internet dustbin and cannot be taken as authentic . Ganguly is authentic because it is approved by Wikepedia.
Chiraan shows Wikepedia is not authentic as anyone can change contents.
Jury Amit agrees radhaa’s son is Karna only . But raises a doubt if Karna could string VIJAY a bow given by Parshuram then how could he not string relatively lesser bow . so common sense suggests Karna strung the bow.
Chiraan : Though Vijay is superior bow , it is a boon from Parshuram and Karna could lift it with boon . So could Arjun lift Gandeev because of boon , so also Drupad’s bow was presented with a rider only Arjun could string. Moreover Gandeev and Vijay were celestial bows did not require stringing as they were auto strung.
Surya says : karma stringing is there in authentic RC DUTT translation, why it cannot be deemed that chiraan is fabricating incidents rather than Ganguly who is acclaimed by scholars?
Jury Hariprasad says , R C Dutt has also fabricated as , instead of Radha’s son ,he has written shishupal , if Ganguly is authentic then it becomes Radha’s son as failed , and RC DUTT says shishupala . how come two authentic translation give different translation of same verse.
It shows anomaly. He gives verdict as Karna did not abuse and did not string the bow and failed in swayamvar.
The whole of Mahabharat is recited by SUTA , the son of lomaharshan . The very first verse in Mahabharata starts with Saunaka asking Oh Son of suta , please recite Mahabharata .
Suta is born to bramhin mother Kshatriya Father . If both parents are higher caste how child is relegated to be abused caste. Then how come Saunaka rishi and other bramhin rishis are learning from SUTA the great epic of Mahabharta.
The Ganguly text translates the first verse as SAUTI says’
Instead of Suta uvacha .
The first verse itself has anamoly . So SUta is not a racial abuse , and pseudo sympathy for Karna as being abused as SUTA does not stand logically as he never was abused.
He clearly failed in Swayamvar. If Draupadi were not interested in him , then he would not have been Invited, twice DRUPAD and Dhristadhyumn mention his name as invitee to the swayamvar . if he were unwelcome his name would have been struck or never mentioned. After mentioning his name , Drupad and Dhristadhyumn makes a vow that whoever strikes will get Draupadi. So Draupadi could not have gone against the words of Father and Brother as she was epitome of virtue.
So KArna clearly failed in Swayamvar . and Thus HE was inferior to ARJUN .
Neutral Jury Nilambar upholds the view of Chiraan . Observers SONu and Nilesh also feel the arguments by Surya are insufficient to Prove Karna succeeded in Swayamvar.