!! SRIVENKATESHO VASUDEV: PRADYUMNO AMITVIKRAMA !
ANIRUDHHASHCHA SHESHADRI PATIREVACHA !!
VENKATESHA STOTRAM IS FROM BRAMHANDA PURANA WHICH
IS RECITED IN EVERY HOUSE WITH PIETY . EVEN IN THIS AGE OF KALI LORD IS MAKING
MANY BEND TO HIS FEET WHICH IS EVIDENT BY THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO VISIT THIS
PLACE EVERYDAY .
- GURU SHRI RAGHAVENDRA SWAMIJI
WAS ALSO BORN AS A RESULT OF GREAT TAPASYA DONE BY THEIR PARENTS AT TIRUPATI
AND NAMING THE CHILD AS VENKATNATH. VENKATNATH WENT ON TO BECOME SHRIRAGHAVENDRA
IT IS VERY MUCH EVIDENT THAT RECITING THIS STOTRAM WITH MEANING WILL ENSURE
MOKSHA AND FULFILLMENT OF ALL WISHES . LET THIS TRANSLATION BE A SEVA TO THE
FEET OF LORD AS PRESENT IN SHRI RAGHAVENDRA SWAMY
1> THE WORD VENKATESH HAS THREE WORDS ‘VEN’ ‘KAT’ AND ‘EESH’
ACCORDING TO THE BHAVISHYOTTAR PURANA ‘VEN’
MEANS SINS .’KAT’ MEANS BURNS UP .
MADHAV WAS A VERY ELIGIBLE BRAMHIN WHO DUE TO PRARABDHA KARMA LEAVING ASIDE
PARENTS AND WIFE AND HIS BRAMHIN STATUS , WENT AWAY TO LIVE WITH A CHANDAAL
WOMAN AND INDULGED IN ALL KINDS OF SINS ALL THROUGH HIS LIFE .SUCH MADHAV’S SINS
BURNT UP JUST BY THE MERE TOUCH OF THIS MOUNTAIN . THUS THE MOUNTAIN IS KNOWN AS
‘VENKAT’ BECAUSE IT BURNS UP THE SINS .
‘EESH’ -MEANS LORD .VISHNU WHO RESIDES AND LORDS OVER THIS
MOUNTAIN IS KNOWN AS ‘VENKATESH’
‘Vasu ‘ means one who is inside ‘ deva ‘ means one who sports . Lord resides
in all of us . He sports being inside us . As lord resides in everyone . When we
have extreme happiness we should owe it to God and thank . because it is He who
has given us all this being in others . Similarly when we face sorrow we must
think God has given us sorrow to wash off our sins . We should not hate the
person who is responsible for sorrow .
‘Vasu’ means one who covers everywhere , everything . God Srinivasa covers us
like a sheet and protects us from external dangers and calamities . He regulates
the entire universe by being outside and inside it . Thus he is vasudev .
Va means one with complete strength. ‘asu’ means one who controls everyone .
‘de ‘ means one who gives everything and ‘va’ again here means one who is
present everywhere . Being present everywhere , he controls everyone and gives
whatever wished for to those who pray him . Thus Srinivas is vasudev .
being the son of vasudev He is also known as VASUDEV .
THERE ARE THREE WORDS IN THIS : ‘VA’ ‘SU’ ‘DEVA’
‘VA’ MEANS ONE WHO IS OF THE FORM OF KNOWLEDGE
‘SU’ MEANS ONE WHO CREATES ENTIES WORLD
‘DEVA’ MEANS ONE WHO SPORTS AND ENJOYS IN THIS
AS HE CREATES THE ENTIRE WORLD /UNIVERSE HE HAS A NAME ‘SU’
[ WHO? LORD VISHNU!]
AS HE CREATES ALL OF US ,SINCE WE ARE CREATED
WE ARE ALL UNDER HIS CONTROL i.e PARADHEEN .
BUT A BODY IS ACQUIRED AS THE
SRUSHTI PROCEEDS , THUS A BODY IS PRESENT ONLY IN THE SRISHTI , SO SRINIVASA
[LORD] SHOULD ALSO HAVE A BODY , BUT HOW CAN HE HAVE A BODY BEFORE SRISHTI . IF
HE DOES HAVE ONE ? THEN IT MUST HAVE BEEN CREATED BY SOMEONE . IF IT IS INDEED
CREATED THEN EVEN HE BECOMES PARADHEEN JUST LIKE US AS HE HAS BEEN CREATED . [
THIS DOUBT CAN CREEP UP ]
THUS EITHER SRINIVASA SHOULD BE BODYLESS BEFORE
CREATION OR ELSE HE BECOMES SUBSERVIENT LIKE US .
TO ELIMINATE THIS DOUBT ,
THE WORD ‘VA’ IS USED ie HE HAS A BODY OF KNOWLEDGE AND NOT THAT OF PRAKRUTI .
APRAKRUT SHARIR IS WHAT WE SEE IN TIRUPATI AND NOT A STONE OR IDOL AS LORD
HIMSLEF IS STANDING THERE AND IT IS NOT AN IDOL INSTALLED BY SOME . SINCE IT NOT
A STONE , INFACT NOT MADE UP OF ANY MATERIAL IN UNIVERSE IT IS KNOWN AS APRAKRUT
AS CONVEYED BY THE WORD ‘ VA’.
THE BODY OF MATERIAL WORLD WILL HAVE BIRTH AND DEATH BUT NOT THAT OF APRAKRUT
BODY BECAUSE THERE IS NO BIRTH OR DEATH TO A BODY WHICH IS MADE UP KNOWLEDGE ,
HAPPINESS AND OTHER AUSPICIOUS ATTRIBUTES.
THUS SRINIVASA EXISTS EVEN BEFORE
CREATION . AND HE IS SWATANTRA AND NOT PARADHEEN .AND SINCE HE HAS A BODY OF HIS
OWN HE CAN CREATE AS WELL .
IN THIS WORLD EVERYONE DOES WORK FOR SOME PURPOSE . NO ONE IS ACTIVE WITHOUT
PURPOSE AND AIM . THUS THIS SRINIVASA MUST ALSO BE CREATING THIS WORLD
WITH SOME PURPOSE .
IF THERE IS A PURPOSE BEHIND A WORK THERE HAS TO BE SOME
RESULT OR FRUIT OF SUCH PURSPOSE AND TOIL . IF SUCH A TOIL ENDS IN FRUITION
MEANS THE TOILER /WORKER [ IN THIS CASE SRINIVASA] MUST BE UNDER THE
SUBSERVIENCE OF THE GIVER OF THE FRUITS . [ THIS GIVER OF FRUITS FOR THE LABOR
OF CREATION MUST PRESIDE OVER SRINIVASA] SO SRINIVASA BECOMES PARADHEEN .
CAN A PARADHEEN CREATE?
ie IN SHORT IF THERE IS A SELFISH PURPOSE BEHIND CRAETION THEN GOD IS SELFISH
TO CREATE THIS WORLD AND HE HAS SOME FRUITS TO BE ACHIEVED THROUGH CREATION FOR
HIS OWN SELF . THEN HE IS DEPENDENT ON FRUITS AND ACHIEVEMENT FOR WHICH HE IS
TOILING TO CREATE THIS WORLD . SUCH INCOMPLETE DEPENDENT ENTITY CANNOT BE GOD OR
PRECISELY TO DISPEL THIS DOUBT THE WORD ‘DEVA’ HAS
BEEN ATTRIBUTED TO LORD SRINIVASA .
HE SPORTS IN HIS OWN CREATION .HE HAS NO GOALS TO BE ACHIEVED FOR HIS OWN
BETTERMENT . HE IS ALWAYS FULL OF HAPPINESS . IN THIS WORLD A WHEN IN FULL
HAPPINESS PEOPLE DRINK AND IN THAT INTOXICATED STATE THEY DANCE AND SPORT
LORD HAS NO PURPOSE OF HIS OWN . THUS HIS CREATING THE WORLD IS NO
HINDRANCE TO HIS COMPLETENESS AND INDEPENDENCE .
HE CREATES TO GIVE HAPPINESS
TO INFINITE SOULS THAT COME INTO EXISTENCE THROUGH CREATION AND ATTAIN BLISS .
NARAYANA in his moolarupa
, took the forms of Vasudeva , pradyumna , sankarshana ,aniruddha , before the
start of the creation . His wife MAHALAXMI also took the forms of MAYA , KRITI ,
JAYA , SHANTI .
- MAYAPATI VAsudev gives mukti to all
- kritipati Pradyumna creates the srishti
- Jayapati sankarshana destroys the bramhanda
- Shantipati Anirudhha maintains the srishti
Srinivas [ Lord
Venkatesh ] is Vasudev as stated earlier thus he is the one who confers Mukti ,
now we call HIM PRADYUMNA so that the task of creation also belongs to
Pra means SARVOTTAMA the superiormost , ‘dyumna ‘ means one with
auspiscious qualities infinite and complete with a golden hue .Thus VENKATESHA
is known as PRADYUMNA.
AMITAVIKRAMA – Amit means infinite – which cannot be counted or estimated or computed , VIKRAMA means one who has parakrama , valour ,brilliance capacity . Lord Srinivasa has infinite capabilities , HE can create ,sustain and destroy the creation within seconds , with his will and just a mere thought . tHIS CANNOT BE emulated by anyone and thus he creates infinite Bramhandas , sustains it and destroys just byb his ICHCHA .
SANKARSHANA – sam – means ,well, complete ,thoroughly etc , KARSHANA means to destroy or to reduce . LORD Srinivasa destroys everything completely . If we try to destroy something we can utmost make two or three pieces of a thing , we cannot reduce things to its atomic particles . BUT HARI destroys this world complete with charachatmak jada to ANURUPA of moolaprakruti . This sanhaar shakti is with only GOD NARAYANA and thus he is Sankarshana and Our SRINIVASA is known as SANKARSHANAas HE carries out LOKASANHAARA .
ANIRUDDHA – cha———–HARI when he decides anything , HE cannot be stopped or none can resist his SANKALPA . Nobody can change what LORD decides one , such a capacity none carried earlier , nor anyone exists who can change what HARI has resolved to do , nor anyone would come in future who would be capable to do so .
So the stories or tthoughts that SRINIVASA had been hurt in a war or His HEAD started bleeding due to injury etc are not TRUE . The enactment of getting caught helplessly in NAGAPASHA of INDRAJIT is all for DAITYA mohana . OTHERWISE even while kiling Kharasur or RAVANA MOOLABALA , LORD has taken many rupas and exhibited his infinite prowess . SO his resolve cannot be superceded thus he is ANIRUDDHA .
2, AN means VAYUDEVA , ANI means devotees of VAYU devaru , one who is ruddha[ captivated ] by ani – devotees of VAYUDEVARU .
In the previous para we had shown that LORD is not under anybody’s influence nor can he be made vasha [ captivated ] by anyone , no one can cause virodha to him or his sankalpa . YET VAYUDEVA is his devotee of highest kind . WHoever has the anugraha of VAYUDEVA , they can have vashikarana on LORD , and he becomes vash to them . ie Only by the grace of VAYUDEVA one can captivate LORD in his heart .
VALI though a great devotee , but did not have anugraha grace of HANUMAN and hence LORD RAAMA did not become vasha to him instead HE became inimical . on the contrary SUGREEVA though a alpabhakta [ lesser devotee than VALI ] but still had the grace of HANUMAN VAYU , and thus enjoyed grace of RAAMA .
Thus SRINIVASA though independent , yet comes under control of DEVOTEES like VYASATEERTHA and RAGHAVENDRAteertha [ thye exhibit extraordinary powers of siddhi and HARI showers unmixed uninterrupted grace on them like bewitched DIETY ] only because these great yatis have complete anugraha of VAYUDEVA , thus HE is known as ANIRUDDHA . SRINIVASA has a capacity and strength to sustain the lokas and hence he is same as LOKPALAKA ANIRUDDHA .
SHESHADRI patih eva cha ——- and SHESHA – sheshadeva had encoiled the mountain ADRI – anandaparvata and patih means ownership , SRINIVASA is the owner and head of the Mountain encoiled by SHESHA thus known as SHESHADRI . the word eva shows SRINIVASA has alwasy this evrlasting ownership .
why this word eva because …… once in VAKUNTHA when HARI was in YOganidra and HE appointed SHESHA to guard the doors . There SHRI VAYU deva arrived to see HARI . SHESHA stopped him and then went on bragging about his own greatness and strength .
Then HARI appeared at the gates and asked SHESHA to encoil with all might and strength the mountain ANANDADRI and If VAYU could move it then VAYU is greater in strength else SESHA will be declared greater .
SESHA accepted and with all his might he encoiled the mountain and with thousand fangs poured out enormous venom and heat , thus making mountain inaccesible and venomous . VAYU with his just a touch of toe cause the mountain to fall 51000 yojana away .
Sesha deva accepted defeat and sang praises of VAYUDEVA . Thus from that day the mountain came to be known as SHESHADRI . and SRINIAVASA is yajamana BOSS for that mountain .
SHESHADRI might not have been there earlier and might not be there later too , so SHESHADRPATITVA quality may be a temporary one ,which would vanish with destruction of SHESHADRI mountain this doubt can crop up . Thus word eva has been used ….
LORD is ananatabramhanda nayaka , so infinite bramhandas exist at all times and all these bramhandas hav seshadri and OUR SRINIVASA is BOSS yejamana for all those mountains and thus HE remains the BOSS of seshaddri FOREVER .
next shloka contd …… in coming posts .